If you are looking for more clues on whether a noun would be masculine or feminine, here are even more.  And, as always, there are exceptions to the rules. But don’t get bogged down with it all, just learn a few and add them to your vocabulary repertoire. Maybe narrow it down to your priorities like wine and cheese are masculine and French bread (une baguette) which is feminine.

Masculine nouns often have these endings:

-age                  e.g.        le fromage (cheese)

Exceptions : une page (a page), une image (a picture/image), la plage (the beach)

-ment               e.g.        un compliment (a compliment)

-oir                   e.g.         le soir (the evening)

-sme                 e.g.        le cyclisme (cycling)

-eau                  e.g.        un panneau (notice board/sign)

Exceptions : l’eau (f), la peau (skin)

-eu                    e.g.        un feu (a fire)

-ou                    e.g.        un hibou (an owl)

-ier                    e.g.        un escalier (staircase)

-in                     e.g.        le vin (wine)

Exceptions : la fin (the end), une main (a hand)

-on                    e.g.        le citron (a lemon)

Exceptions : une maison (a house), la saison (the season)

Feminine nouns often have these endings:

-ance                e.g.        la chance (luck)

-anse                e.g.        la danse (a dance)

-ence                e.g.        la licence (licence)

-ense                e.g.        la défense (defence)

Exceptions :  le silence (silence)

-ion                   e.g.        la région (the region)

Exceptions : un avion (a plane)

-té                     e.g.        une spécialité (a speciality)

-tié                    e.g.        la moitié (half)

Exceptions : un été (summer), le pâté (pâté)

Bon courage!












So don’t forget! Wine and cheese are masculine, French bread (une baguette) is feminine.

I will be running one-to-one and small group French lessons from October 2023 – April 2024 from my home in Eymet. Please contact me for further information.