Even after four lessons on nouns, there is so much more to learn about them but I thought it better to move on to something else for now and revisit nouns later on. So, moving on to the definite article in French.

Articles are either definite (the) or indefinite (a, an, some, any).

The definite article in French

In English we only have one definite article: the. The use of the definite article in French depends on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural.

Singular, masculine noun – use le

Singular, feminine noun – use la


Plural noun (masculine or feminine) – use les

Le and La change to l’ when used in front of a word starting with a vowel or an h.

Singular, some examples:

Le chien (dog), le chat (cat), le jardin (garden), le bar (bar), le restaurant (restaurant)

La maison (house), la porte (door), la piscine (swimming pool), la table (table), la voiture (car)

L’ami (friend), l’eau (water)

L’hôtel (hotel), l’hôpital (hospital), l’hibou (owl) BUT le hamster (hamster)

As per my previous comment with nouns, try and learn whether a noun is masculine or feminine and whether it is un/une and le/la

Plural, some examples:

Les chiens (the dogs), les chats (the cats), les portes (the doors), les tables (the tables)


  • You make the noun plural by adding an s but you don’t pronounce it.
  • Pronunciation of the definite article: When the noun starts with a consonant, you DO NOT pronoun the s. With words beginning with a vowel, most words starting with h and the tiny French word y, you DO pronounce the s on les. It is more of a z sound.