Adjectives are describing words. They tell you more about the person or thing. In French, there is a lot to know about adjectives but here we are just focussing on the basics.


  • Adjectives are normally used next to the noun that they are describing but are sometimes separated from the noun by a verb.

Example in English: an attractive house

Example in English: He’s being stupid


  • In English, the only time an adjective changes its form is when you are making a comparison.


Example in English: It’s the silliest joke ever!



  • In English we usually put the adjective before the noun but in French we put it after.

Example: a black cat (un chat noir)


  • In French, most adjectives have to agree with what they are describing which means that their endings change depending on whether the person or thing is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.

Example: la langue française (the French language)

Example: un mot français (a French word)


  • The basic rules are that you start with the masculine form of the adjective then add an -e to make it feminine, an -s for a masculine plural noun and an -es for a feminine plural noun.

Example: a black cat (un chat noir)

Example: a black door (une porte noire)

Example: black cats (des chats noirs)

Example: black doors (des portes noires)


  • With most adjectives, you add ane to the masculine singular form to make it feminine. But if the adjective already ends in an e, you do not add another one.


  • And, as always, there are some words that break all the rules:


Masc = -f / fem = -ve                     neuf/neuve                      meaning = new

Masc = -x / fem = -se                    heureux/heureuse          meaning = happy

Masc = -er / fem = -ère                cher/chère                        meaning = expensive

Masc = -an / fem = -anne             paysan/paysanne            meaning = farmer

Masc = -en / fem = -enne             européen/européenne  meaning = European

Masc = -on / fem = -onne            bon/bonne                       meaning = good, right